Compact and highly-efficient broadband surface grating antenna on a silicon platform
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We present a compact silicon-based surface grating antenna design with a high diffraction efficiency of 89% (-0.5 dB) and directionality of 0.94. The antenna is designed with subwavelength-based L-shaped radiating elements in a 300-nm silicon core, maintaining high efficiency with a compact footprint of 7.6 µm × 4.5 µm. The reflectivity remains below -10 dB over the S, C and L optical communication bands. A broad 1-dB bandwidth of 230 nm in diffraction efficiency is achieved with a central wavelength of 1550 nm.
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