Sevoflurane-induced hyperglycemia is attenuated by salsalate in obese insulin-resistant mice
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PURPOSE: Perioperative hyperglycemia is common and is associated with significant morbidity. Although patient characteristics and surgery influence perioperative glucose metabolism, anesthetics have a significant impact. We hypothesized that mice that were obese and insulin-resistant would experience greater hyperglycemia in response to sevoflurane anesthesia compared with lean controls. We further hypothesized that sevoflurane-induced hyperglycemia would be attenuated by salsalate pre-treatment. METHODS: Lean and obese male C57BL/6J mice were anesthetized with sevoflurane for 60 min with or without pre-treatment of 62.5 mg·kg-1 salsalate. Blood glucose, plasma insulin, and glucose uptake into different tissues were measured. RESULTS: Under sevoflurane anesthesia, obese mice had higher blood glucose compared to lean mice. Increases in blood glucose were attenuated with acute salsalate pre-treatment at 60 min under anesthesia in obese mice (mean ± standard error of the mean [SEM], delta blood glucose; vehicle 5.79 ± 1.09 vs salsalate 1.91 ± 1.32 mM; P = 0.04) but did not reach statistical significance in lean mice (delta blood glucose, vehicle 4.39 ± 0.55 vs salsalate 2.79 ± 0.71 mM; P = 0.10). This effect was independent of changes in insulin but associated with an approx. 1.7-fold increase in glucose uptake into brown adipose tissue (vehicle 45.28 ± 4.57 vs salsalate 76.89 ± 12.23 µmol·g-1 tissue·hr-1; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: These data show that salsalate can reduce sevoflurane-induced hyperglycemia in mice. This indicates that salsalate may represent a new class of therapeutics that, in addition to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, may be useful to reduce perioperative hyperglycemia.
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