The use of non-pharmaceutical interventions for the prevention and control of schistosomiasis in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Schistosomiasis remains a major cause of global parasitic morbidity. Current control strategies focus on pharmaceutical approaches using Mass Drug Administration (MDA) to distribute praziquantel in endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Our paper systematically reviewed the literature on non-pharmaceutical interventions for enhanced schistosomiasis control. We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed English language literature using PubMed, Embase and Web of Science. Our search terms were limited to the year 2000 to March 2019 to reflect the period of the Millennium and Sustainable Development Goals. We initially identified 1733 publications, which were reduced to 1324 after screening by title and abstract. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 1312 studies were excluded. Following this, we had a total of 12 articles, which we later screened by full text. Out of the twelve articles, seven were excluded for being systematic reviews or examining clinical and nutritional aspects of schistosomiasis control. We finally remained with five studies that met our inclusion criteria. Our paper indicates a gap in non-pharmaceutical based interventions for schistosomiasis control. We propose that future research addresses this gap by engaging communities in participatory approaches such as environmental sanitation, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), health education and economic empowerment.

publication date

  • January 18, 2021