Microstructure and orientation evolution of microinjection molded β‐nucleated isotactic polypropylene/poly(ethylene terephthalate) blends Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractThe influence of different shear stresses induced by changing injection molding speeds on molecular chain orientation and lamellar branching of β‐nucleated iPP/poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) microparts was investigated using two‐dimensional wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction and 2D‐small‐angle X‐ray scattering. Results indicated that the prevailing shear stress can promote the formation of parent–daughter α‐crystal structure and twisted shish–kebab structure in subsequent microparts. The diffraction of (300) plane of β‐crystals was also observed at varying injection speeds. Increasing injection speeds can significantly enhance the content of β‐crystals from 24 to 41% for β‐nucleated iPP microparts. Additionally, the content of β‐crystals was further enhanced in β‐nucleated iPP/PET microparts with in situ formation of PET microfibrils under intensive shearing conditions. The addition of both PET and β‐nucleation agents coupling with high shearing conditions exerts a synergetic effect on the development of β‐crystals. However, the orientation degree of crystal lattice decreased with increasing injection speeds for both β‐nucleated iPP and iPP/PET microparts.


  • Zhao, Zhongguo
  • Zhou, Shengtai
  • Hrymak, Andrew
  • Kamal, Musa R
  • Ai, Taotao

publication date

  • April 2021