Use of Participatory Action Research in the Development of a Survey of Physiotherapy Services for People with Multiple Sclerosis in Canada Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Purpose: Currently, there is a paucity of research describing physiotherapy services for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Canada. Using qualitative methods, we aimed to develop a survey to examine physiotherapy practice patterns for people with MS receiving services in Canada. Method: We began by conducting a review of the current literature and combining participatory action research methods with the expertise of registered physiotherapists and individuals with MS. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 participants to obtain their input into survey development. The interviews were then transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically. Results: Five key themes emerged from the thematic analysis: (1) provide additional answer options, (2) reformat or clarify questions, (3) ensure that questions or options are appropriate, (4) ensure good readability and flow, and (5) determine the appropriate length of the survey. After a final revision, the survey consisted of 24 items in the following domains: demographics, MS programme and patient population, interdisciplinary care, and programme and service barriers. Conclusions: This survey is the first of its kind in Canada and is the first step toward improving the quality of health of people living with MS and the effectiveness of current physiotherapy practices for them.


  • Kuspinar, Ayse
  • Bello-Haas, Vanina Dal
  • Liu, Diana
  • Essah, Karen
  • Cao, Lily
  • Ploughman, Michelle

publication date

  • November 1, 2020