Current Management of Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Consensus Guideline from the Genitourinary Medical Oncologists of Canada Academic Article uri icon

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  • BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), treatment outcomes remain suboptimal, and variability exists across current practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To promote standardization of care for MIBC in Canada by developing a consensus guidelines using a multidisciplinary, evidence-based, patient-centered approach who specialize in bladder cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Medline, and Embase was performed; and most recent guidelines from national and international organizations were reviewed. Recommendations were made based on best available evidence, and strength of recommendations were graded based on quality of the evidence. RESULTS: Overall, 17 recommendations were made covering a broad range of topics including pathology review, staging investigations, systemic therapy, local definitive therapy and surveillance. Of these, 10 (59% ) were level 1 or 2, 7 (41% ) were level 3 or 4 recommendations. There were 2 recommendations which did not reach full consensus, and were based on majority opinion. This guideline also provides guidance for the management of cisplatin-ineligible patients, variant histologies, and bladder-sparing trimodality therapy. Potential biomarkers, ongoing clinical trials, and future directions are highlighted. CONCLUSIONS: This guideline embodies the collaborative expertise from all disciplines involved, and provides guidance to further optimize and standardize the management of MIBC.


  • Jiang, Di Maria
  • North, Scott A
  • Canil, Christina
  • Kolinsky, Michael
  • Wood, Lori A
  • Gray, Samantha
  • Eigl, Bernhard J
  • Basappa, Naveen S
  • Blais, Normand
  • Winquist, Eric
  • Mukherjee, Som
  • Booth, Christopher M
  • Alimohamed, Nimira S
  • Czaykowski, Piotr
  • Kulkarni, Girish S
  • Black, Peter C
  • Chung, Peter W
  • Kassouf, Wassim
  • van der Kwast, Theodorus
  • Sridhar, Srikala S

publication date

  • September 21, 2020