Electrophoretic deposition of polymers and proteins for biomedical applications Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This review is focused on new electrophoretic deposition (EPD) mechanisms for deposition biomacromolecules, such as biopolymers, proteins and enzymes. Among the rich literature sources of EPD of biopolymers, proteins and enzymes for biomedical applications we selected papers describing new fundamental deposition mechanisms. Such deposition mechanisms are of critical importance for further development of EPD method and its emerging biomedical applications. Our goal is to emphasize innovative ideas which have enriched colloid and interface science of EPD during recent years. We describe various mechanisms of cathodic and anodic EPD of charged biopolymers. Special attention is focused on in-situ chemical modification of biopolymers and crosslinking techniques. Recent innovations in the development of natural and biocompatible charged surfactants and film forming agents are outlined. Among the important advances in this area are the applications of bile acids and salts for EPD of neutral polymers. Such innovations allowed for the successful EPD of various electrically neutral functional polymers for biomedical applications. Particularly important are biosurfactant-polymer interactions, which facilitate dissolution, dispersion, charging, electrophoretic transport and deposit formation. Recent advances in EPD mechanisms addressed the problem of EPD of proteins and enzymes related to their charge reversal at the electrode surface. Conceptually new methods are described, which are based on the use of biopolymer complexes with metal ions, proteins, enzymes and other biomolecules. This review describes new developments in co-deposition of biomacromolecules and future trends in the development of new EPD mechanisms and strategies for biomedical applications.

publication date

  • October 2020