In-hospital resource utilization, outcome analysis and radiation exposure in children undergoing appendicostomy vs cecostomy tube placement
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INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Continence enemas for the purpose of bowel management may be delivered via trans-anal retrograde irrigations, and via antegrade conduits including surgical appendicostomy or placement of cecostomy tube (CT). An appreciation of the relative advantages and disadvantages of each antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure allows clinicians, parents and children to make an informed decision regarding which procedure is most appropriate in individual cases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in in-hospital resource utilization, surgical outcomes and radiation exposure between children undergoing appendicostomy creation and CT placement at our institution. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children undergoing these procedures at our institution over a 10-year period. All patients 0-18 years of age undergoing either procedure for any indication were included. Data on demographics, length of stay (LOS), radiation exposure events (REE), and surgical outcomes were collected. RESULTS: One hundred fifteen (63 appendicostomy/52 CT) patients were included. Those undergoing CT placement had significantly increased post-procedural LOS, catheter exchanges and REE compared to those undergoing appendicostomy (see Table). Reported rates of bowel control were similar between the two groups, and there was no significant difference in rates of surgical complications, although each group had unique, procedure-specific complications. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In our study, appendicostomy holds a clear advantage over CT in terms of post-procedural LOS, as well as REE. In general, children with CTs require more planned and unplanned device maintenance procedures than those with appendicostomy. These findings aside, the rates of success for bowel control between the two groups are similar, and the incidence of complications does not differ significantly between the two groups. CT remains a safe and effective conduit for delivery of ACEs, and is a particularly good option in patients whose appendix has been lost or used for another conduit. However, patients wishing to avoid repeated procedures and radiation exposure may find the option of appendicostomy more attractive.
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