First stage international validation of the pediatric family needs questionnaire (FNQ-P)
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OBJECTIVES: 1. Evaluate reliability and construct validity of the newly-developed Family Needs Questionnaire - Pediatric (FNQ-P), a 40-item measure assessing the extent to which family's needs are met after a child has an acquired brain injury (ABI). 2. Explore the impact of selected child characteristics on FNQ-P scores. RESEARCH DESIGN: MEASUREMENT STUDY: Methods: Parents/caregivers of children with ABI (2-18 years) were recruited across four sites (Canada, Sweden, Lithuania, Australia) for FNQ-P test-retest evaluation. These sites plus a fifth (United Kingdom) completed construct validity evaluation with the Family Burden of Injury Inventory and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Associations between FNQ-P score and age, injury severity, time post-injury and site were evaluated via stepwise regression. RESULTS: FNQ-P mean scores (n=61) were 64.1% (SD 22.3) and 58.8% (SD 22.6) on test and retest, respectively. Test-retest reliability was good overall (ICC=0.78, 95% CI 0.65-0.86). There was a weak association between FNQ-P and FBII (r=-0.23, P=0.049, n=71), but no association between FNQ-P and SDQ scores (maximum r=0.16, P>0.15). None of the variables studied predicted FNQ-P scores. CONCLUSION: The FNQ-P demonstrated good test-retest reliability. Further validity assessment is recommended. Lack of relationship between FNQ-P and variables studied suggests independence of family needs.
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