As the population of older adults’ increases, the complexity of care required to support those who choose to remain in the community has also increased. Anticipatory Care Planning (ACP) through earlier identification of healthcare needs is evidenced to improve quality of life, decrease the number of aggressive futile interventions, and even to prolong life.
To determine the feasibility of a cluster randomised trial to evaluate the implementation and outcomes of Anticipatory Care Planning (ACP) in primary care to assist older adults identified as at risk for functional decline by developing a personalised support plan.
GP practices were randomised into control/intervention groups stratified by jurisdiction [Northern Ireland (UK) and the Republic of Ireland (RoI)], and by setting (urban and rural). Participants were included if they were a) aged ≥70 years, b) 2 or more chronic medical conditions, c) 4 or more prescribed medications. The Anticipatory Care Plan consisted of home visits where the study nurse discussed patients’ goals and plans. An action plan was put in place following consultation with patient’s GPs and study Pharmacist.
Eight primary care practices participated; four in the UK and four in the RoI. Sample
n= 64. Data was collected pertaining to patient quality of life, mental health, healthcare utilisation, costs, perception of person-centred care, and the use of potentially inappropriate medication. Conclusion
Unique insights relating to the trans-jurisdictional delivery of healthcare services in the UK and RoI were observed which has implications on service delivery for older adults.