Results of the ADAPT Phase 3 Study of Rocapuldencel-T in Combination with Sunitinib as First-Line Therapy in Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Abstract Purpose: Rocapuldencel-T is an autologous immunotherapy prepared from mature monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC), coelectroporated with amplified tumor RNA plus CD40L RNA. This pivotal phase III trial was initiated to investigate the safety and efficacy of a combination therapy dosing regimen of Rocapuldencel-T plus sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Patients and Methods: Patients received either Rocapuldencel-T plus standard of care (SOC) or SOC treatment alone. The primary objective compared overall survival (OS) between groups. Secondary objectives included safety assessments, progression-free survival (PFS), and tumor responses based on RECIST 1.1 criteria. Exploratory analyses included immunologic assessments and correlates with OS. Results: Between 2013 and 2016, 462 patients were randomized 2:1, 307 to the combination group and 155 to the SOC group. Median OS in the combination group was 27.7 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 23.0–35.9] and 32.4 months (95% CI, 22.5–) in the SOC group HR of 1.10 (95% CI, 0.83–1.40). PFS was 6.0 months and 7.83 months for the combination and SOC groups, respectively [HR = 1.15 (95% CI, 0.92–1.44)]. The ORR was 42.7% (95% CI, 37.1–48.4) for the combination group and 39.4% (95% CI, 31.6–47.5) for the SOC group. Median follow up was 29 months (0.4–47.7 months). On the basis of the lack of clinical efficacy, the ADAPT trial was terminated on February 17, 2017. Immune responses were detected in 70% of patients treated with Rocapuldencel-T, and the magnitude of the immune response positively correlated with OS. In addition, we report the survival-predictive value of measuring IL-12 produced by the DC vaccine and the observation that high baseline numbers of T regulatory cells are associated with improved outcomes in DC-treated patients, but are associated with poor outcomes in patients receiving SOC treatment. No serious adverse events attributed to the study medication have been reported to date. Conclusions: Rocapuldencel-T did not improve OS in patients treated with combination therapy, although the induced immune response correlated with OS. Moreover, we identified two potential survival-predictive biomarkers for patients receiving DC based immunotherapy, IL-12 produced by the DC vaccine and higher numbers of T regulatory cells present in the peripheral blood of patients with advanced RCC.

authors

  • Figlin, Robert A
  • Tannir, Nizar M
  • Uzzo, Robert G
  • Tykodi, Scott S
  • Chen, David YT
  • Master, Viraj
  • Kapoor, Anil
  • Vaena, Daniel
  • Lowrance, William
  • Bratslavsky, Gennady
  • DeBenedette, Mark
  • Gamble, Alicia
  • Plachco, Ana
  • Norris, Marcus S
  • Horvatinovich, Joe
  • Tcherepanova, Irina Y
  • Nicolette, Charles A
  • Wood, Christopher G

publication date

  • May 15, 2020

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