Effects of muscarinic receptor stimulation and nitric oxide synthase inhibition on gastric tone and gastric myoelectrical activity in canines
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AIMS: This study was designed to assess whether the muscarinic receptor stimulation and nitric oxide synthase inhibition were equally effective on gastric fundic tone or gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) in canines, and the correlation between gastric fundic tone and GMA. METHODS: Gastric fundic tone and GMA were recorded on seven dogs implanted with serosal electrodes and a gastric cannula. RESULTS: Bethanechol and L-nitro-N-arginine (L-NNA) significantly increased gastric fundic tone; gastric volume was decreased with bethanechol or L-NNA (P < 0.05). Increased spike activities were observed after both bethanechol and L-NNA. The percentage of slow waves superimposed with spikes was increased with bethanechol (P < 0.001) and L-NNA (P < 0.05). There was a significant reduction in dominant frequency (DF) (P < 0.05), dominant power (DP) (P < 0.05) and percentage of normal slow waves (%N) (P < 0.05) with bethanechol, while no significant change was observed with L-NNA. The variation of gastric tone was not correlated with parameters of GMA. CONCLUSIONS: Muscarinic receptor stimulation and nitric oxide synthase inhibition have similar effects on gastric tone and gastric spike activities, but different effects on gastric slow waves. Gastric fundic tone does not correlate with gastric slow waves.
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