An impulse based sensor for medical sensing applications
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This work designs a non-coherent impulse basedtransceiver operating in a frequency range of 3.1-10.6 GHz for medical sensing applications. The transmitter consists of an ON/OFF Keying data modulator, a Gaussian pulse generator, and a variable gain amplifier to control the transmitting pulse level. The receiver consists of an LNA, a multiplier, an integrator, and a comparator. The IC is designed using 0.18 microm CMOS technology with a supply voltage of 1.8 V. The simulated pulse width is 0.2 ns and the maximum pulse rate is over 1 GHz. A heart motion detection performance was demonstrated with high precision for an overall power consumption of 40 mW. This design can also be modified to be used in wireless UWB data communications to build a complete low power wireless sensor node.
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