Pregnancy in women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: data from the European Society of Cardiology initiated Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC)
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Aims: We report the maternal and foetal outcomes at birth and after 6 months in a cohort of pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most women with HCM tolerate pregnancy well, there is an increased risk of obstetric and cardiovascular complications. Methods and results: All pregnant women with HCM entered into the prospective worldwide Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC) were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which included death, heart failure (HF), thrombo-embolic event, and arrhythmia. Baseline and outcome data were analysed and compared for patients with MACE vs. without MACE and for patients with obstructive HCM vs. non-obstructive HCM. Sixty pregnant women (mean age 30.4 ± 6.0 years) with HCM (41.7% obstructive) were included. No maternal mortality occurred in this cohort. In 14 (23%) patients at least one MACE occurred: 9 (15.0%) HF and 7 (12%) an arrhythmia (6 ventricular and 1 atrial fibrillation). MACE occurred most commonly during the 3rd trimester and postpartum period. In total, 3 (5.0%) women experienced foetal loss. Women with MACE had a higher rate of emergency Caesarean delivery for cardiac reasons (21.4% vs. 0%, P = 0.01). No significant differences in pregnancy outcome were found between women with obstructive and non-obstructive HCM. NYHA functional class of ≥II and signs of HF before pregnancy, were associated with MACE. Conclusion: Although most women with HCM tolerated pregnancy well, cardiovascular complications were not uncommon and predicted by pre-pregnancy status facilitating pre-pregnancy counselling and targeted antenatal care.
has subject area