Thrombocytopenia caused by passive transfusion of anti-glycoprotein Ia/IIa alloantibody (anti-HPA-5b). Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We describe a patient who developed transient and moderately severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count nadir 35 x 10(9)/L) after the transfusion of plasma. Using the technique of direct radioimmunoprecipitation, we showed that during the thrombocytopenia episode, the patient's platelets had IgG specifically bound to the glycoprotein (GP) Ia/IIa complex. Indirect radioimmunoprecipitation using serum from the plasma donor confirmed that anti-HPA-5b (anti-Zava) was the cause of GP Ia/IIa sensitization. The relatively mild thrombocytopenia, compared with passive alloimmune thrombocytopenia caused by anti-HPA-1a (anti-P1A1), may reflect the low copy number of HPA-5 compared with HPA-1. Direct radioimmunoprecipitation permits the detection of the GPs carrying the known platelet alloantigen systems, and this study suggests that this technique can be used to diagnose passive alloimmune thrombocytopenia.

publication date

  • May 1, 1992

published in