A literature review was conducted to identify and compare the clinical utility of client-centred, individualised outcome measures for paediatric rehabilitation. Five measures were identified: the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) (28 studies); Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) (34 studies); Perceived Efficacy and Goal Setting System (PEGS) (2 studies); Target Complaints (TC) (1 study); and the Paediatric Activity Card Sort (PACS) (instruction manual only). The COPM and GAS have been used with children across a wide age range and variety of clinical settings. The PEGS and PACS provided young children direct involvement in the goal-setting process. Little evidence supports the use of TC in paediatrics.
Clinicians need to use individualised measures in a way that facilitates the maximal participation of children and families in goal setting and outcome evaluation. Clinicians should document their own role in goal setting. The use of individualised and client-centred measures can motivate children and families and focus their attention on therapy goals.