Actinomycin D Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The lethal and inhibitory effects of actinomycin D (Act D) on asynchronous and synchronized populations of mouse L-cells have been studied. It has been shown that the survival curve of populations in the logarithmic phase of growth can be approximated by two exponential survival curves corresponding to a sensitive and resistant moiety. The size and sensitivity of both moieties vary during the growth of the population. As the cell population moves through logarithmic and into stationary phase, the sensitive moiety becomes smaller but more resistant whereas the resistant moiety increases in size and also becomes more resistant. This variation appears to be related to a reduced uptake of Act D and also a reduced rate of DNA and RNA synthesis. Variations in sensitivity to the drug have also been observed during the division cycle of synchronized cells with cells in the S phase showing the greatest uptake of the drug and also the greatest sensitivity. However, no direct correlation between uptake and sensitivity has been established. Actinomycin D has inhibitory effects on both RNA and DNA synthesis. RNA synthesis is inhibited rapidly but does not seem to drop to less than 5% of the control value. The inhibition of DNA synthesis appears to occur over a longer period and may reach values as low as 0.25% of control. In both cases the degree of inhibitions appears to be dependent on both the length of exposure and the concentration of the drug. Certain similarities between the response of cells to Act D and X-rays have been observed and are discussed.

publication date

  • December 1969