GRADE-Leitlinien: 10. Den Ressourcenverbrauch berücksichtigen und die Qualität ökonomischer Evidenz bewerten Journal Articles uri icon

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  • In this article we describe how to include considerations about resource utilisation when making recommendations according to the GRADE approach. We focus on challenges with rating the confidence in effect estimates (quality of evidence) and incorporating resource use into evidence profiles and Summary of Findings (SoF) tables. GRADE recommends that important differences in resource use between alternative management strategies should be included along with other important outcomes in the evidence profile and SoF table. Key steps in considering resources in making recommendations with GRADE are the identification of items of resource use that may differ between alternative management strategies and that are potentially important to decision-makers, finding evidence for the differences in resource use, making judgements regarding confidence in effect estimates using the same criteria used for health outcomes, and valuing the resource use in terms of costs for the specific setting for which recommendations are being made.


  • Perleth, Matthias
  • Matthias, Katja
  • Langer, Gero
  • Meerpohl, Joerg J
  • Gartlehner, Gerald
  • Kaminski-Hartenthaler, Angela
  • Schunemann, Holger

publication date

  • 2013