Findings and theoretical considerations on the usefulness of the acid-labile subunit in the monitoring of acromegaly
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Growth hormone (GH) action induces a variety of biochemical factors of which insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is conventionally measured for the diagnosis and monitoring of GH-related disorders such as GH deficiency or acromegaly. IGF-I circulates predominantly as a ternary complex with IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and the acid labile subunit (ALS). In the treatment of active acromegaly with the GH receptor antagonist pegvisomant, ALS showed a closer correlation with the change in ring size, measured as a clinical indicator of disease activity, than did IGF-I or IGFBP-3. ALS thus seems to be a clinically useful marker of disease activity in acromegaly.
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