Influence of the high density lipoprotein receptor SR-BI on reproductive and cardiovascular pathophysiology Journal Articles uri icon

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  • The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor SR-BI (scavenger receptor class B type I) mediates the selective uptake of plasma HDL cholesterol by the liver and steroidogenic tissues. As a consequence, SR-BI can influence plasma HDL cholesterol levels, HDL structure, biliary cholesterol concentrations, and the uptake, storage, and utilization of cholesterol by steroid hormone-producing cells. Here we used homozygous null SR-BI knockout mice to show that SR-BI is required for maintaining normal biliary cholesterol levels, oocyte development, and female fertility. We also used SR-BI/apolipoprotein E double homozygous knockout mice to show that SR-BI can protect against early-onset atherosclerosis. Although the mechanisms underlying the effects of SR-BI loss on reproduction and atherosclerosis have not been established, potential causes include changes in ( i ) plasma lipoprotein levels and/or structure, ( ii ) cholesterol flux into or out of peripheral tissues (ovary, aortic wall), and ( iii ) reverse cholesterol transport, as indicated by the significant reduction of gallbladder bile cholesterol levels in SR-BI and SR-BI/apolipoprotein E double knockout mice relative to controls. If SR-BI has similar activities in humans, it may become an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in a variety of diseases.


  • Trigatti, Bernardo
  • Rayburn, Helen
  • Viñals, Marisa
  • Braun, Anne
  • Miettinen, Helena
  • Penman, Marsha
  • Hertz, Miki
  • Schrenzel, Mark
  • Amigo, Ludwig
  • Rigotti, Attilio
  • Krieger, Monty

publication date

  • August 3, 1999

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