A Preliminary Guideline for the Assignment of Methicillin-ResistantStaphylococcus aureusto a Canadian Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Epidemic Type UsingspaTyping Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA) infections on a global scale is a major health concern. In Canada, there are 10 known epidemic types of MRSA as determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Despite the excellent discriminatory power of PFGE, there are several disadvantages of using this technique, such as high degree of labour intensity and the inability to easily develop an MRSA typing database due to the subjective interpretation of results.OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to determine whetherspatyping, an established DNA sequence-based typing method, could be used as an alternative to PFGE for the typing of Canadian MRSA (CMRSA) epidemic isolates.RESULTS:spatypes were determined for 1488 CMRSA isolates, and the method was analyzed for its ability to identify and cluster CMRSA1-10 strains. Minimal spanning tree analysis of 1452spatypes revealed individual clonal clusters for PFGE epidemic types CMRSA1, 2, 7 and 8, butspatyping could not distinguish CMRSA5 from CMRSA9 and CMRSA10, and CMRSA3 from CMRSA4 and CMRSA6. However, specificspatypes were generally associated with only one PFGE epidemic type. Based on these results, aspatyping guideline for CMRSA isolates was developed and tested using the first 300 MRSA isolates received in 2007 through the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program.CONCLUSIONS: The high concordance ofspatypes with PFGE epidemic types using this guideline demonstrated the feasibility ofspatyping as a more rapid and less technically demanding alternative typing method for MRSA in Canada.

authors

  • Loeb, Mark
  • Golding, George R
  • Campbell, Jennifer L
  • Spreitzer, Dave J
  • Veyhl, Joe
  • Surynicz, Kathy
  • Simor, Andrew
  • Mulvey, Michael R

publication date

  • 2008