This article offers a critical assessment of empirical knowledge regarding labour market training and skills development in an era of technological disruption. Although exactly which skills and jobs will become obsolete is not known, technological change may cause unemployment to spike and increase the need for retraining. To move toward understanding what policy interventions will be needed in response, in this article we assess the current state of knowledge about Canada’s active labour market policies. We argue that before creating new programs, policy-makers need to learn from existing policy attempts to address labour market disruptions. By analyzing the most recent Employment and Social Development Canada evaluations, we find that quality data and analyses regarding the effectiveness of these programs are lacking. We conclude that research in this area is needed before policy-makers will be able to develop responses to technological disruption.