Management of diabetes by obstetrician-gynecologists.
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OBJECTIVE: To examine the rates of diagnosis and treatment of diabetes mellitus by ACOG Fellows in pregnant and nonpregnant patients. METHODS: We sent a questionnaire to 1250 ACOG Fellows. Thirty-nine percent responded. Responses were examined for potential differences between recently and less recently trained obstetrician-gynecologists. RESULTS: Ninety-six percent of obstetricians routinely screen for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Fifty-five percent of obstetrician-gynecologists screen for diabetes in nonpregnant patients if there is a history of diabetes in the patient's family. Moreover, 33% care for women with type-1 diabetes mellitus, and 39% for women with type-2 diabetes mellitus who are not pregnant. Sixty-two percent believed that their patients with GDM are at increased risk for developing nongestational diabetes later in life, and 71% will recommend an evaluation of glucose tolerance in the future for these women. Finally, 99% are willing to prescribe oral contraceptives to women diagnosed previously with GDM. CONCLUSION: Obstetrician-gynecologists are aware of the need to screen for GDM and the importance of postpartum follow-up in GDM patients to detect type-2 diabetes mellitus. This practice is important because half of the 14 million people with type-2 diabetes mellitus are unaware they have this disorder, and many learn about it only after a serious complication has occurred.
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