Isolation and characterization of novel bacterial strains for integrated solar-bioelectrokinetic of soil contaminated with heavy petroleum hydrocarbons
- Additional Document Info
- View All
This study investigated the isolation and characterization of three novel bacterial strains; Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Sphingobacterium multivorum, and Sinorhizobium, isolated form agriculture land. From three hundred strains of bacteria, the three isolates were identified for their superior diesel degradation ability by a series of bench-scale tests. The isolates were further investigated in bench tests for their ability to grow in different diesel fuel concentrations, temperature and pH; degrade diesel fuel in vitro; and for the identification of functional genes. Semi-pilot bioelectrokinetic tests were conducted in three electrokinetic cells. An innovative electrode configuration was adopted to stabilize the soil pH and water content during the test. The genes expressed in the diesel degradation process including Lipases enzymes Lip A, LipB, Alk-b2, rubA, P450, and 1698/2041 were detected in the three isolates. The results showed that the solar panel voltage output is in agreement with the trapezoid model. The temperatures in the cells were found to be 5-7 °C higher than the ambient temperature. The electrode configuration succeeded in stabilizing the soil pH and water content, preventing the development of a pH gradient, important progress for the survival of bacteria. The diesel degradation in the soil after bioelectrokinetic tests were 20-30%, compared to 10-12% in the controls. The study succeeded in developing environmentally friendly technology employing novel bacterial strains to degrade diesel fuel and utilizing solar panels to produce renewable energy for bioelectrokinetics during the winter season.
has subject area