Social Participation and Navigation (SPAN) program for adolescents with acquired brain injury: Pilot findings.
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PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an app-based coaching intervention (Social Participation and Navigation; SPAN) to help survivors of acquired brain injury attain social participation goals. Research Method/Design: This is a nonrandomized pilot trial of SPAN, including 15 adolescents (9 with traumatic brain injury, 6 with brain tumor) between the ages of 14-22. The SPAN intervention consisted of a mobile app to support the development and implementation of social participation goals, weekly video-conference coaching sessions to identify goals and step-by-step action plans, and online didactic materials. Assessments were completed pre- and postintervention. Satisfaction with the intervention, confidence in the adolescents' ability to participate in and plan social activities and manage their emotions and behaviors, and frequency and satisfaction with social participation were assessed via self- and parent-report questionnaires developed for this project. Behavior problems, social competence, and social problems were measured by using the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self-Report. RESULTS: High levels of participant and parent satisfaction were reported. Increases in parent-reported frequency of social participation and teen-reported confidence in their ability to participate and develop social participation goals and plans were observed. A decline in parent-reported total problems, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and social problems was noted. CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS: Results support the feasibility of the program, because participants were able to successfully meet with their coaches and use the app to develop and accomplish social participation goals. Further research will be needed to refine the app and program, particularly when reaching out to populations beyond traumatic brain injury. (PsycINFO Database Record
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