S100A2 gene is a direct transcriptional target of p53 homologues during keratinocyte differentiation
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The p53 paralogues p73, p63 and their respective truncated isoforms have been shown to be critical regulators of developmental and differentiation processes. Indeed, both p73- and p63-deficient mice exhibit severe developmental defects. Here, we show that S100A2 gene, whose transcript and protein are induced during keratinocyte differentiation of HaCaT cells, is a direct transcriptional target of p73beta and DeltaNp63alpha and is required for proper keratinocyte differentiation. Transactivation assays reveal that p73beta and DeltaNp63alpha exert opposite transcriptional effects on S100A2 gene. While DeltaNp63alpha is found in vivo onto S100A2 regulatory regions predominantly in proliferating cells, p73beta is recruited in differentiating cells. Silencing of p73 impairs the induction of S100A2 during the differentiation of HaCaT cells. Moreover, silencing of p73 or S100A2 impairs the proper expression of keratinocyte differentiation markers. Of note, p53 family members do not trigger S100A2 gene expression in response to apoptotic doses of cisplatin and doxorubicin.
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