Pilot study of the efficacy of a thrombin inhibitor for use during cardiopulmonary bypass Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Heparin is normally used for anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), but its use is contraindicated in patients with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, heparin-provoked thrombosis, or both. Heparin therapy can also be ineffective due to heparin resistance. A short-acting, oligonucleotide-based thrombin inhibitor (thrombin aptamer) may potentially serve as a substitute for heparin in these and other clinical situations. We tested a novel thrombin aptamer in a canine CPB pilot study to determine its anticoagulant efficacy, the resultant changes in coagulation variables, and the aptamer's clearance mechanisms and pharmacokinetics. Seven dogs were studied initially: Four received varied doses of the aptamer (to establish the pharmacokinetic profile) and 3 received heparin. Subsequently, 4 other dogs underwent CPB, receiving a constant infusion of the aptamer before CPB (to characterize the baseline coagulation status), with partial CPB and hemodilution, during 60 minutes of total CPB, and, finally, after a 2-hour recovery period. At a 0.5 mg.kg-1.min-1 dose, the activated clotting time rose with aptamer infusion from 106 +/- 12 seconds to 187 +/- 8 seconds (+/- 1 standard deviation) (p = 0.014), increased further with hemodilution (to 259 +/- 41 seconds; p = 0.017), and was even more prolonged during total CPB (> 1,500 seconds; p < 0.001). This later increase in the activated clotting time paralleled a rise in the plasma concentration of the thrombin aptamer during total CPB, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

  • DeAnda, Abe
  • Coutre, Steven E
  • Moon, Marc R
  • Vial, Conrad M
  • Griffin, Linda C
  • Law, Veronica S
  • Komeda, Masashi
  • Leung, Laurence
  • Miller, D Craig

publication date

  • August 1994