Inhibition of platelet functions by a monoclonal antibody (LYP20) directed against a granule membrane glycoprotein (GMP-140/PADGEM) Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Granule membrane protein (GMP-140), also known as platelet activation- dependent granule-external membrane (PAD-GEM) is an integral membrane glycoprotein that is expressed on the platelet surface following degranulation. GMP-140, also expressed by endothelial cells, is part of a new family of cell adhesion molecules (selectins) related to the endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM-1) and to the lymphocyte homing receptors in humans (Leu-8/TQ1) and in mouse (gp90MEL-14). The role of GMP-140 in platelet functions remains to be elucidated. In this study, a monoclonal antibody, LYP20, was raised against GMP-140. LYP20, directed against a disulphide bridge-dependent epitope, significantly binds to thrombin-stimulated platelets (12,200 +/- 1,184 bound molecules/platelet, kd = 5.0 +/- 0.61 nmol/L) compared with controls (2,400 +/- 266 molecules/platelet, kd = 2.3 +/- 0.54 nmol/L) and inhibits collagen or thrombin-induced aggregation of washed platelets or platelets in platelet-rich plasma. In addition, LYP20 inhibits rosetting of thrombin-activated platelets to U937 cells. These results strongly suggest that GMP-140 plays an important role in platelet aggregation and platelet interaction with other blood cells.

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publication date

  • April 15, 1991

published in