Complex formation of platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb and IIIa with fibrinogen.
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We have recently reported the isolation of purified platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb and IIIa and the generation of monospecific antisera to these membrane proteins. Using these monospecific antisera in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system, it is no demonstrated that glycoprotein IIb (GPIIb) and glycoprotein IIIa (GPIIIa) form a complex with purified human fibrinogen. The formation of this GPIIb-GPIIIa fibrinogen complex is calcium dependent, fibrinogen specific, saturable, and inhibited by specific amino sugars and amino acids. These observations suggest that the GPIIb-GPIIIa macromolecular complex on the platelet surface acts under the proper physiologic circumstances as the fibrinogen binding site required for normal platelet aggregation.
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