A peptide derived from a tissue factor loop region functions as a tissue factor-factor VIIa antagonist Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane protein that functions in the initiation of blood coagulation in vivo. At sites of vascular injury, TF serves as a cell-surface receptor for the serine protease factor VIIa (FVIIa), forming an enzyme--cofactor complex and enhancing the catalytic activity of FVIIa. Tissue factor, along with the receptors for alpha- and gamma-interferons, is a member of the class 2 cytokine receptor superfamily. Crystallographic analysis demonstrated that the extracellular domain of TF consists of two immunoglobulin-like domains joined by a linker region. Each domain is comprised of two antiparallel beta-sheets containing seven conserved beta-strands separated by more variable loop regions. Extensive mutagenesis has been performed in order to map the FVIIa binding site on TF. Results indicated that the discontinuous binding site for FVIIa lies at the domain--domain interface and includes residues from extended loops and beta-strands within both the N- and C-terminal domains. Our previous study provided evidence that three consecutive residues (D44, W45, K46) within the TF loop region between beta-strands C and C' of the N-terminal domain were important for interactions with FVIIa. We have presently extended our alanine-scanning mutagenesis to include the residues within the flanking beta-strands. Thirteen sTF mutants were screened for their ability to enhance FVIIa activity. Three residues within strand C (Y34, Q37, I38) and two residues within C' (K48, Y51) were shown to be important for TF cofactor function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

  • Paborsky, Lisa R
  • Law, Veronica S
  • Mao, Cheri T
  • Leung, Laurence
  • Gibbs, Craig S

publication date

  • November 1995

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