Generalised single particle models for high-rate operation of graded lithium-ion electrodes: Systematic derivation and validation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • A derivation of the single particle model (SPM) is made from a porous electrode theory model (or Newman model) of half-cell (dis)charge for an electrode composed of uniformly sized spherical electrode particles of a single chemistry. The derivation uses a formal asymptotic method based on the disparity between the size of the thermal voltage and that of the characteristic change in overpotential that occurs during (de)lithiation. Comparison is made between solutions to the SPM and to the porous electrode theory (PET) model for NMC, graphite and LFP. These are used to identify regimes where the SPM gives accurate predictions. For most chemistries, even at moderate (dis)charge rates, there are appreciable discrepancies between the PET model and the SPM which can be attributed to spatial non-uniformities in the electrolyte. This motivates us to calculate a correction term to the SPM. Once this has been incorporated into the model its accuracy is significantly improved. Generalised versions of the SPM, that can describe graded electrodes containing multiple electrode particle sizes (or chemistries), are also derived. The results of the generalised SPM, with the correction term, compare favourably to the full PET model where the active electrode material is either NMC or graphite.

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publication date

  • April 2020