Socioeconomic factors and bacillary dysentery risk in Jiangsu Province, China: a spatial investigation using Bayesian hierarchical models Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Bacillary dysentery (BD) is an acute diarrheal disease prevalent in areas affected by socioeconomic disparities. We investigated BD risk and its associations with socioeconomic factors at the county-level in Jiangsu province, China using epidemiological and socioeconomic data from 2011-2014. We fitted four Bayesian hierarchical models with various prior specifications for random effects. As all model comparison criteria values were similar, we presented results from a reparameterized Besag-York-Mollié model, which addressed issues with the identifiability of variance captured by spatial and independent effects. Our model adjusted for year and socioeconomic status showed 18-65% decreased BD risk compared to 2011. We found a high relative risk in the northwestern and southwestern counties. Increasing the percentage of rural households, rural income per capita, health institutions per capita, or hospital beds per capita decreases the relative risk of BD, respectively. Our findings can be used to improve infectious diarrhea surveillance and enhance existing public health interventions.

publication date

  • January 2, 2022