Circles of care for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Communication, collaboration, and coordination
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OBJECTIVE: To review health information exchange (HIE) processes that affect the health of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and to suggest practical tips and strategies for communicating, collaborating, and coordinating in the primary care setting. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The "Primary care of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines" literature review and interdisciplinary input. MAIN MESSAGE: Disparities exist between the provision of health care for the general population and that for people with IDD. These disparities are due in part to gaps in HIE. Health information exchange involves documenting, collecting, and disseminating a patient’s health information. In exploring ways to improve HIE for people with IDD, the communication skills of the family physician are considered in the context of the triad that includes the patient, his or her caregivers, and the family physician. The framework of the Patient’s Medical Home is used in exploring these processes, and various strategies are offered for communicating, collaborating, and coordinating health care that can be implemented by family physicians in order to narrow the gaps in care that exist for people with IDD. CONCLUSION: Improvements in HIE by communicating, collaborating, and coordinating health care better will improve health outcomes for people with IDD.
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