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  • BACKGROUND Most medical errors are nontechnical and include failures in team communication, situational awareness, resource use, and leadership. Other high-risk industries have adopted team-based crisis resource management (CRM) training strategies to address “nontechnical” skills and to improve human error and safety. Here, we describe the development and evaluation of a national multidisciplinary trauma CRM curriculum. METHODS A needs analysis survey was distributed to general surgery program directors across Canada. With the use of this feedback, a course called STARTT [Standardized Trauma and Resuscitation Team Training] was developed and held in conjunction with the Canadian Surgery Forum. Participants completed a precourse and postcourse evaluation exploring changes in attitudes toward simulation and CRM principles using previously validated instruments. RESULTS Twenty surgical residents, 6 nurses, 4 respiratory therapists, and 11 instructors (trauma surgeons, emergency physicians, nurses, and intensivists) participated. Of the participants, 100% completed the survey. Satisfaction was very high, with 97.5% of the participants rating the course as “good” or “excellent” and 97.5% recommending it to others. The presurvey and postsurvey showed statistically significant improvement in attitudes toward simulation and overall CRM principles (136.3 vs. 140.3 of 170, p = 0.004) following the course, primarily in the domain of teamwork (69.1 vs. 72.0 of 85, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION Creation of a national multidisciplinary trauma CRM curriculum is feasible, has high satisfaction among participants, and can improve attitudes toward the importance of simulation and CRM principles with the ultimate goal of improving patient safety and care.


  • Ziesmann, Markus T
  • Widder, Sandy
  • Park, Jason
  • Kortbeek, John B
  • Brindley, Peter
  • Hameed, Morad
  • Paton-Gay, John Damian
  • Engels, Paul
  • Hicks, Christopher
  • Fata, Paola
  • Ball, Chad G
  • Gillman, Lawrence Marshall

publication date

  • November 2013