No. 396-Fetal Health Surveillance: Intrapartum Consensus Guideline
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OBJECTIVE: To present evidence and recommendations regarding use, classification, interpretation, response, and documentation of fetal surveillance in the intrapartum period and to provide information to help minimize the risk of birth asphyxia while maintaining the lowest possible rate of obstetrical intervention. INTENDED USERS: Members of intrapartum care teams, including but not limited to obstetricians, family physicians, midwives and nurses, and their learners TARGET POPULATION: Intrapartum women OPTIONS: All methods of uterine activity assessment and fetal heart rate surveillance were considered in developing this document. OUTCOMES: The impact, benefits, and risks of different methods of surveillance on the diverse maternal-fetal health conditions have been reviewed based on current evidence and expert opinion. No fetal surveillance method will provide 100% detection of fetal compromise; thus, all FHS methods are viewed as screening tests. As the evidence continues to evolve, caregivers from all disciplines are encouraged to attend evidence-based Canadian educational programs every 2 years. EVIDENCE: Literature published between January 1976 and February 2019 was reviewed. Medline, the Cochrane Database, and international guidelines were used to search the literature for all studies on intrapartum fetal surveillance. VALIDATION METHODS: The principal and contributing authors agreed to the content and recommendations. The Board of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada approved the final draft for publication. The level of evidence has been determined using the criteria and classifications of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care. BENEFITS, HARM, AND COSTS: Consistent interdisciplinary use of the guideline, appropriate equipment, and trained professional staff enhances safe intrapartum care. Women and their support person(s) should be informed of the benefits and harms of different methods of fetal health surveillance. RECOMMENDATIONS: CommunicationSupport During Active LabourPrinciples of Intrapartum Fetal SurveillanceSelecting the Method of Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring: Intermittent Auscultation or Electronic Fetal MonitoringPaper SpeedAdmission AssessmentsEpidural AnalgesiaIntermittent Auscultation in LabourElectronic Fetal Monitoring in LabourClassification of Intrapartum Fetal SurveillanceMaternal Heart RateFetal Health Surveillance Assessment in the Active Second Stage of LabourIntrauterine ResuscitationDigital Fetal Scalp StimulationFetal Scalp Blood SamplingUmbilical Cord Blood GasesDocumentationFetal Surveillance Technology Not RecommendedFetal Health Surveillance Education.
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