Active Living Leaders Training Program for adults with spinal cord injury: a pilot study
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STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental pre-post design with 6-month follow-up. OBJECTIVES: Active Living Leaders Training Program (ALLTP) equips individuals with knowledge and skills to encourage those with spinal cord injury (SCI) to increase their leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). The purpose of this pilot study was to, first, (i) evaluate participants' perceptions of the relevance/usefulness of ALLTP material/presentation, (ii) examine changes in participants' self-efficacy to promote LTPA, (iii) identify program components associated with greater self-efficacy and, second, measure participants' use of ALLTP skills and resources over the subsequent 6 months. SETTING: Canada. METHODS: Six SCI fitness trainers and six adults with SCI completed the three sections of ALLTP and, after each section, provided feedback. Six months later, participants' use of resources and skills was assessed. Means, standard deviations, repeated measures analysis of variance and Pearson's correlations were computed. RESULTS: Relevance/usefulness of the program was rated favorably. Self-efficacy to speak about and encourage LTPA remained high throughout the ALLTP and was positively correlated with the relevance/usefulness of program content and presentation. At follow-up, participants had discussed LTPA with an average of seven people with disabilities and reported using at least one skill and resource from the ALLTP during those discussions. CONCLUSIONS: Users had positive perceptions of ALLTP and reported using the training to promote LTPA to others with disabilities. Participant feedback has been used to improve ALLTP. ALLTP can now be used to train people with SCI and SCI fitness trainers to promote LTPA to others with disabilities.