Electroplating of Multiple Materials in Parallel Using Patterned Gels with Applications in Electrochemical Sensing Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Electrodeposition is a versatile technique for the fabrication of electrodes in micro-electroanalytical devices. Conductive but low-cost materials, such as copper, can be coated with functional yet higher-cost materials such as gold or silver using electrodeposition to lower the overall cost while maintaining functionality. When the electrodeposition of multiple materials is required, current methods use a multistep process that deposits one material at a time, which requires a significant amount of time and a significant number of steps. Additionally, they use a large volume of electrolytes suitable for coating large objects, which is wasteful and unnecessary for the prototyping or coating of microelectrodes with a small area. In this paper, a new method of electroplating is introduced in which we used gels to immobilize and pattern electroplating electrolytes on a substrate surface. Agarose, as an immobilizing medium, enables the immersion of the substrate in a common working electrolyte without cross-mixing different electrolytes. We demonstrate the printing of jelly electrolytes by using spot-dispensing or microfluidic flow. Xurographically patterned films laminated on the substrate function as a mask and confine the printed gels to desired locations. After printing, the substrate is placed in a common working electrolyte container, and multimaterial patterns are produced through the application of an electrical current in a single step.

publication date

  • February 7, 2020