Temsirolimus in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors: a NCIC-CTG, phase I, open-label dose-escalation study (IND 179).
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BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to assess the safety, tolerability, recommended phase II dose (RPTD), and preliminary antitumor activity of the combination of carboplatin-paclitaxel (Taxol)-temsirolimus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with solid malignancies suitable for carboplatin-paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy and two or less prior lines of chemotherapy received 15, 20, or 25 mg of temsirolimus per week with CP given every 21 days. Thirty-eight eligible patients were entered into six dose levels with the first two levels administering temsirolimus on days 8 and 15 and the subsequent four dose levels switching to days 1 and 8 temsirolimus administration. RESULTS: Days 8 and 15 administration of temsirolimus was not feasible due to myelosuppression on day 15. CP on day 1 with temsirolimus on days 1 and 8 was well tolerated. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was grade 4 thrombocytopenia (n=2) and grade 3 fatigue (n=1). Relative dose intensities for carboplatin, paclitaxel, and temsirolimus at the RPTD were 92%, 82%, and 56%, respectively. Non-DLT treatment-related adverse events occurring in >20% of patients included fatigue, mucositis, alopecia, neuropathy, nausea, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and infection. Grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicity was rare. Partial responses (PRs) and disease stabilization were seen in 46% and 49% of patients, respectively. Nine of 11 (82%) endometrial cancer patients had objective PRs. CONCLUSIONS: Carboplatin-paclitaxel-temsirolimus is well tolerated and the RPTD is carboplatin area under the curve 5 mg/ml/min, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, both given on day 1 with temsirolimus 25 mg on days 1 and 8.
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