The Canadian Medical Student Ultrasound Curriculum Academic Article uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish by expert review a consensus-based, focused ultrasound curriculum, consisting of a foundational set of focused ultrasound skills that all Canadian medical students would be expected to attain at the end of the medical school program. METHODS: An expert panel of 21 point-of-care ultrasound and educational leaders representing 15 of 17 (88%) Canadian medical schools was formed and participated in a modified Delphi consensus method. Experts anonymously rated 195 curricular elements on their appropriateness to include in a medical school curriculum using a 5-point Likert scale. The group defined consensus as 70% or more experts agreeing to include or exclude an element. We determined a priori that no more than 3 rounds of voting would be performed. RESULTS: Of the 195 curricular elements considered in the first round of voting, the group reached consensus to include 78 and exclude 24. In the second round, consensus was reached to include 4 and exclude 63 elements. In our final round, with 1 additional item added to the survey, the group reached consensus to include an additional 3 and exclude 8 elements. A total of 85 curricular elements reached consensus to be included, with 95 to be excluded. Sixteen elements did not reach consensus to be included or excluded. CONCLUSIONS: By expert opinion-based consensus, the Canadian Ultrasound Consensus for Undergraduate Medical Education Group recommends that 85 curricular elements be considered for inclusion for teaching in the Canadian medical school focused ultrasound curricula.


  • Ma, Irene WY
  • Steinmetz, Peter
  • Weerdenburg, Kirstin
  • Woo, Michael Y
  • Olszynski, Paul
  • Heslop, Claire L
  • Miller, Stephen
  • Sheppard, Gillian
  • Daniels, Vijay
  • Desy, Janeve
  • Valois, Maxime
  • Devine, Luke
  • Curtis, Heather
  • Romano, Michael J
  • Martel, Patrick
  • Jelic, Tomislav
  • Topping, Claude
  • Thompson, Drew
  • Power, Barbara
  • Profetto, Jason
  • Tonseth, Pete

publication date

  • July 2020