The prosthetic upper extremity functional index: Development and reliability testing of a new functional status questionnaire for children who use upper extremity prostheses Academic Article uri icon

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  • The Prosthetic Upper Extremity Functional Index (PUFI) was developed by the authors' clinical research group to evaluate the extent to which a child actually uses a prosthetic limb for daily activities, the comparative ease of task performance with and without the prosthesis, and its perceived usefulness. The PUFI's test-retest and interrater reliability were evaluated with 24 children. Intraclass coefficients (ICCs) were calculated for each of four subscales of the PUFI--specifically, method of performance, ease of prosthetic use, usefulness of the prosthesis, and ease of performance without the prosthesis. The ICCs were greater than 0.65, indicating good test-retest reliability for the older-child respondents (n = 10) and fair to good reliability (ICCs, 0.40 to 0.84) for the parent respondents overall (n= 21). Interrater (child-parent) reliability was lower, with ICCs from 0.30 to 0.77. This finding was not unexpected, since a child and parent may rate in the context of different functional environments. The prosthesis was used 53% of the time by older children and more than 75% of the time by younger children. The results provide evidence that the PUFI has good test-retest reliability overall as a measure of a child's ability to perform upper extremity activities with a prosthesis.


  • Wright, Virginia
  • Virginia Wright, F
  • Hubbard, Sheila
  • Jutai, Jeffrey
  • Naumann, Stephen

publication date

  • April 2001