Further development of the response scales of the Acquired Brain Injury Challenge Assessment (ABI-CA) Academic Article uri icon

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  • PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To revise the scaling of the response sets of the Acquired Brain Injury Challenge Assessment (ABI-CA) through expert input and determination of empirically based cut-points. RESEARCH DESIGN: A measurement development study with a content validity focus. METHODS: Response option wording was revised through consultation with six physiotherapists with paediatric ABI expertise. Twenty-nine typically-developing children performed the ABI-CA and empirically-based cut-points for item-specific response options were derived from their time/distance/repetition results (SD values) as benchmark values. Movement quality considerations (compensatory movements) were identified from expert consultation/ABI-CA video observation and built into revised response options. The revised ABI-CA was pilot-tested with four children with ABI, aged 7-15 years, for a feasibility check. RESULTS: Nineteen of the 23 items' response scales were revised based on experts' feedback and empirically-based cut-points replaced the previous arbitrarily-determined cut-points. Compensatory movement considerations were re-defined in nine items. The mean score of the refined ABI-CA was 70.0% (SD = 18.5) with four children with ABI. CONCLUSION: The new response options in the ABI-CA appeared suitable for testing high-functioning children with ABI and the mid-range mean score in this pilot sample indicates its potential to measure change. Recommendations are outlined for final ABI-CA amendments before large-scale validation.


  • McArthur, Caitlin
  • Venkatesh, Surabhi
  • Warren, Danielle
  • Pringle, Daniel
  • Doerr, Tanya
  • Margaret Salbach, Nancy
  • Kirkwood, Gail
  • Wright, Virginia

publication date

  • October 1, 2013

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