A Newborn With Skin Lesions, Thrombocytopenia, and Gastrointestinal Bleeding
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A term infant girl was admitted for evaluation of severe thrombocytopenia. She also had purpura-like skin lesions. A complete blood count showed a platelet count of 40×10/L (normal value: 150 to 400×10/L). She received random donor platelet transfusions and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy; however, thrombocytopenia persisted. She developed bloody stools on day 5 of life and hematemesis on day 9. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple small, 2 to 5 mm, vascular lesions throughout the stomach body and proximal duodenum. Our multidisciplinary team will discuss an approach towards a term infant with thrombocytopenia and gastrointestinal bleeding, the diagnostic challenges, and patient management.
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