The ecology of health services utilization in Grenada, West Indies
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Few empirical investigations into the nature of health services utilization fully acknowledge that the home environment may act as a socio-geographic focus of both disease transmission and of learned health behavior. This paper examines the role of the home environment, as well as of personal characteristics and accessibility, in the utilization of health services in Grenada, West Indies. Bivariate and logit analyses of household survey data are employed to identify markers of high user individuals and households. Aspects of each domain of the home environment (physical and behavioral environment, demographics, and residential mobility) emerge as contributors to the utilization phenomenon in the study communities. Both etiological and socio-economic linkages are postulated to underlie the observed relationships. The implications of this work for health planning in developing countries is discussed.
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