Test-retest reliability of near-fibre jiggle in the ulnar intrinsic hand muscles
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OBJECTIVE: Near-fibre (NF) jiggle is one method of measuring the shape variability of motor unit potentials (MUPs) from successive firings during voluntary contractions. MUP shape variability has been associated with neuromuscular stability and health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the test-retest reliability of NF jiggle in the ulnar nerve innervated intrinsic hand muscles of healthy subjects. METHODS: Twenty healthy adult were tested (Mean age = 23.2 ± 1.9; 8 females). Measurements of NF jiggle were assessed with a standard concentric needle during mild-moderate contractions from the first dorsal interosseous (FDI), the abductor digiti minimi (ADM), and the forth dorsal interosseous (4DI) muscles. Test-retest reliability were evaluated using intraclass-correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: NF jiggle showed good test-retest reliability in the FDI, ADM and 4DI muscles with ICC values of 0.86, 0.85, and 0.87, respectively. The SEM for the FDI, ADM, and 4DI were 1.9%, 2.1%, and 2.5%. Finally, the MDC of the FDI, ADM and 4DI were 4.4%, 5.0%, and 7.1%. CONCLUSION: To date, this is the first investigation to explore NF jiggle in the intrinsic hand muscles. NF Jiggle demonstrates good test-retest reliability coefficients and with low measurement error.
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