Thoracolumbar spinal deformity: Part II. Developments from 1990 to today Academic Article uri icon

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  • In the first part of this 2-part historical review, the authors outlined the early diagnostic and therapeutic strategies used in the management of spinal deformity. In this second part, they expand upon those early innovations and further detail the advances from 1990 to the modern era.


  • Lam, Fred
  • Kanter, Adam S
  • Okonkwo, David O
  • Ogilvie, James W
  • Mummaneni, Praveen V

publication date

  • December 2009