Cross-sectional pictorial review of IgG4-related disease Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the infiltration of one or more organs with IgG4-positive plasma cells resulting in inflammatory lesions and fibrosis. Although the pancreas is the most commonly affected organ, involvement of extrapancreatic organs is an increasingly recognized manifestation of the disease. Patients may be asymptomatic and serum IgG4 concentrations may be elevated or normal. Treatment consists of glucocorticosteroid treatment, with excellent response. A definitive diagnosis requires histopathology with imaging playing a key role in avoiding treatment delays. This pictorial review will focus on the most current knowledge regarding IgG4-RD including its common and less common manifestations and the roles of multidetector CT, MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis and management of suspected IgG4-RD. Knowledge of the varied imaging findings of this multi systemic disease is essential for radiologists to avoid misdiagnosis and assist with timely and effective treatment.

authors

  • Kurowecki, Darya
  • Patlas, Michael N
  • Haider, Ehsan
  • Alabousi, Abdullah

publication date

  • November 2019

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