Axial GaAs/Ga(As, Bi) nanowire heterostructures Academic Article uri icon

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  • Bi-containing III-V semiconductors constitute an exciting class of metastable compounds with wide-ranging potential optoelectronic and electronic applications. However, the growth of III-V-Bi alloys requires group-III-rich growth conditions, which pose severe challenges for planar growth. In this work, we exploit the naturally-Ga-rich environment present inside the metallic droplet of a self-catalyzed GaAs nanowire (NW) to synthesize metastable GaAs/GaAs1-x Bi x axial NW heterostructures with high Bi contents. The axial GaAs1-x Bi x segments are realized with molecular beam epitaxy by first enriching only the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) Ga droplets with Bi, followed by exposing the resulting Ga-Bi droplets to As2 at temperatures ranging from 270 °C to 380 °C to precipitate GaAs1-x Bi x only under the NW droplets. Microstructural and elemental characterization reveals the presence of single crystal zincblende GaAs1-x Bi x axial NW segments with Bi contents up to (10 ± 2)%. This work illustrates how the unique local growth environment present during the VLS NW growth can be exploited to synthesize heterostructures with metastable compounds.


  • Oliva, Miriam
  • Gao, Guanhui
  • Luna, Esperanza
  • Geelhaar, Lutz
  • Lewis, Ryan

publication date

  • October 18, 2019