Evaluating the effectiveness of a mnemonic to guide staff when providing patient education to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients.
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Effective patient education can influence cost savings and improve patient outcomes (CCO, 2006). Nursing staff provide education to patients and families through the assessment of learning needs, incorporating the teach-back method to assess comprehension, and documenting the care provided. For this pilot study, an educational intervention was developed incorporating a mnemonic memory aid to support a consistent, standardized approach in delivering effective patient teaching. Forty-five hematology nurses from Hamilton Health Sciences participated in the study, of which 36 completed the follow-up assessments. The mnemonic aid "CARE", developed for this study, helped nurses to recall the steps involved in patient education. The improved knowledge and the use of the mnemonic aid in patient education was sustained over the three- to six-weeks follow-up period. While there was an increase in documentation of the patient education after the intervention, the changes did not reach the statistically significant level. Further research on the use of mnemonics in nursing education would complement this pilot study.