Evaluation of a dual hemoglobin A(2)/A(1c) quantitation kit on the bio-rad variant II automated hemoglobin analyzer.
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CONTEXT: Quantitation of hemoglobin (Hb) A(1c) and investigation of hemoglobinopathy on the Bio-Rad Variant analyzers require a switch between 2 separate kits that is time consuming and causes errors. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of a new Variant II HbA(2)/HbA(1c) Dual kit capable of both Hb A(1c) quantitation and hemoglobinopathy investigation on a single kit. DESIGN: We evaluated Hb A(1c), Hb A(2), and Hb F quantitation for precision, linearity, and correlation with current methodology. We also evaluated detection of Hb variants and correlation of Hb Barts quantitation. SETTING: Hamilton Regional Laboratory Medicine Program, Provincial Hemoglobinopathy Laboratory, St Joseph's Healthcare Site, Hamilton, Ontario. PATIENTS: Patient blood samples submitted for Hb A(1c) quantitation or hemoglobinopathy investigation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Precision, linearity, linear regression, and reference interval validation. RESULTS: We provide tables and figures illustrating precision, linearity, linear regression, and quantitation of Hb variants. We validated reference intervals for Hb A(1c), Hb A(2), and Hb F. CONCLUSIONS: The dual kit provides precise Hb A(1c), Hb A(2), and Hb F quantitation. The results show good linearity and correlate well with the results of current methods. We detected all clinically important Hb variants and a wide variety of rare variants. The dual kit has several advantages: it eliminates the need for extensive kit switch over; improves utility for newborn screening because of its quantification of Hb Barts; permits quantification of Hb A(1c) using the beta-Thal method; and eliminates the need for separate Hb A(2) reference intervals for patients with Hb S because of its accurate quantitation of Hb A(2) in the presence of Hb S.
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