Chromatographic pattern of extrapancreatic glucagon and glucagon-like immunoreactivity before and during stimulation by epinephrine and participation of glucagon in epinephrine-induced hepatic glucose overproduction.
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To characterize the glucagon released in response to epineephrine in depancreatized dogs, plasma samples before and during epinephrine infusion were subjected to molecular-sieve chromatography on Bio-Gel P-30 columns. The chromatographic profile for extrapancreatic immunoreactive glucagon (eIRG) revealed two glucagon moieties of molecular weight 9,000 to 12,000. GLI of this molecular weight was released in response to epinephrine only under conditions of prevailing hyperglycemia. To determine if glucagon's participation in epinephrine-induced hepatic glucose overproduction in diabetes was dependent upon the degree of metabolic control, six conscious depancreatized dogs were infused with epinephrine or epinphrine plus somatostatin, under conditions of prevailing hyperglycemia or normoglycemia. Under normoglycemic conditions, epinephrine stimulated eIRG release, but there was a similar rise in hepatic glucose production (Ra) with or without glucagon suppression by somatostatin. Under hyperglycemic conditions, epinephrine stimulated eIRG and GLI release, and the rise in Ra was significantly greater with epinephrine than with epinephrine plus somatostatin infusion. Thus, under conditions of good metabolic control, epinephrine increased hepatic glucose production independently of glucagon, whereas with poor metabolic control, glucagon contributed to hepatic overproduction of glucose.
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